earthquake-resistant houses: What are the requirements?

Chile is considered a country with high seismic activity, therefore, all homes should be trained to resist any earthquake. But we know that in practice it is not so and that many households suffer disasters, while others have no scratch. Earthquake disaster kit this happens because there are buildings earthquake resistant , built with established standards. The following article will detail what are the parameters that have to meet earthquake – resistant or earthquake – resistant houses. Features a antisímica or house sismorresistente : 1) The shape of the housing must be as symmetrical as possible, both on the ground floor and elevation. If the building does not have a proportional symmetry, it increases the likelihood that a twist to an earthquake occurring on the floor. 2) The walls have to be symmetrical, ie must have the same number of walls in both directions. 3) The length of the house can not be three times greater than its width 4) holes found on windows and doors must be fair to the limit positions of the beams and in the same place on every floor. In addition, they can not exceed more than half of the wall. 5) It is essential that the slabs are well proportioned and have the same shape on every floor of the house. 6) The quality of materials is crucial in building housing. Better quality of materials improves the absorption capacity of the energy produced by the earthquake. It is important reinforced concrete and steel so that the building can swing properly swinging from side to side without collapsing. 7) The more rigid structures like...

How was Manta, one of the main ports of Ecuador, following the devastating earthquake of magnitude 7.8

Manta, the country ‘s most important port, waiting for dark, earthquake kit list lit only by the lights of ambulances and fire trucks , and spotlights of cars queuing to load just fuel off the base of the Ecuadorian Air force where his plane landed. Manta, reports the Attorney General’s Office, the earthquake left at least 105 dead. According to the government the dead are more than 500, but it is feared that the figure will continue to rise . And is that recastistas have less and less hope of finding survivors in the rubble, five days after the quake, said Wednesday the Deputy Minister of Interior Diego Fuentes. Plane dropped Perhaps the president could see that the flagship monument-a military airbase aircraft with “face” of shark’s fell to the ground after the 7.8 magnitude earthquake that struck viciously particularly Manabi. Worse it was the international airport of the city, whose control tower collapsed on the pavement , as if he had decided for once she landed on the track rather than aircraft. First time The arrival and departure of President briefly disrupted routine itself altered the base, which has continued to operate since the tragedy struck. Here come the planes with national and international aid to combat the effects of the disaster that has mobilized all the South American country. It was the first to land an airplane of the Air Force of Venezuela followed by another aircraft from Quito. They expected in the coming hours flight from Cuba and Colombia. On the plane from the capital arrived Juan Carlos Amaguaña, doctor of the Central University of Ecuador and...

Why Indonesia Frequent Earthquake Affected

The Indonesian archipelago lies at the confluence of three major plates world that Australian Plate, the Eurasian and Pacific http://www.whatcausesearthquakes.com .Eurasian and Australian plates collide off the west coast of Sumatra Island, off the southern coast of the island of Java, Nusa Tenggara islands off the South coast, and turns to the north to the south Maluku waters. Between Australia and the Pacific plate collision around the island of Papua. While the meeting between the three plates that happens around Sulawesi. With conditions like this the tectonic fabric of this country has always been and always hit by a tectonic earthquake. With such a tectonic structure Indonesia also own a magmatis arc that is along the lines subdaksi. Maybe we wonder why we feel the current natural benaca, natural disasters tectonic been going on since long before we or the country is formed, but we know clearly new ferocity of natural disasters lately. Yet if we examine in more volcanoes in Indonesia has the potential becana which is also terrible as tectonic earthquakes. Examples of the mountain of Krakatoa which now appears with mountain krakatau child. Sometime we feel the destruction of a mountain so that we can see or prove. Disaster tectonic and volcanic eruption can not be separated in this country because of two things are closely related to the geographical Indonesia. Continue like where do we anticipate these two natural disasters. First we must know that this country is a disaster-prone areas and volcanic eruptions that we are aware we have to be careful and vigilant, Construction of buildings that should be standard disaster should already...

Causes of occurrence of Tsunami

The word tsunami comes from the Japanese. Tsu meaning harbor, and nami means wave. Tsunamis occur frequently in Japan. Japanese history has recorded at least 197 tsunami occurred in Japan. On several occasions, likened to a tsunami tidal wave. In recent years, this perception has been declared not fit anymore, especially in the research community, because the tide has nothing to do with the tsunami. This perception formerly popular because of the appearance of the tsunami that resembles a high tide. See also: causes of earthquakes Tsunamis and tidal waves are both produce waves of water that move inland, but in the event of a tsunami, a wave motion is much larger and longer, so it gives the impression of a very high tide. Although definitions equate with “tidal” include “similarity” or “have a common character” with the tide, this understanding is no longer appropriate. A tsunami is not limited to the port. Because of the geological and oceanographic strongly recommend to use this term.  There are only a few local languages ​​has the same meaning with this destructive waves. Aazhi Peralai in Tamil, IE beuna or Alon buluëk (according to the dialect) in the Acehnese language is an example. For the record, the Tagalog version of Austronesian languages, the main language in the Philippines, alon means “wave”. On the island of Simeulue, the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, in Simeulue Language, smong means the tsunami. While in sikule language, Emong means the tsunami. Why of Tsunami Tsunamis can occur if an interruption occurs that causes the displacement of large amounts of water, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides or...

Forest Fire Causes and How Abatement

In the past Indonesia is often referred to as the lungs of the world because it has vast forested area. Forests are considered to have a central role as a producer of oxygen for the human race. Unfortunately, the case of forest fires that hit Indonesia made forest areas in Indonesia narrowed. Country even experienced material losses reached 200 trillion rupiah. A number of very fantastic when compared to the losses in any case. Where are earthquakes most likely to occur in 2017? find in “www.whatcausesearthquakes.com/where-are-earthquakes-most-common-symptom.htm” Forest fires have been considered people in various regions as an annual event. These catastrophic fires often occur when a drought in various regions such as Sumatra and Borneo. Unfortunately, the forest fires that hit parts of Indonesia, is an act of some individual who was intentional so be impacted by deforestation . The forest fire was deliberately done in order to expand plantation areas, such as palm and rubber plantations. Another goal that the company managing the plantation management gain greater. In 2015, the Division of Campaign for Environment (WALHI) notes that Indonesia has suffered a loss of forest area of ​​2.6 hectares. In addition, the number of victims who are exposed to smoke up to 40 million people and 500 thousand of them attacked Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI). In addition to providing great losses in Indonesia, the impact of the haze also reached the neighboring countries such as Malysia, Singapore, and Thailand. Various efforts have been dilkukan government to tackling the haze. Unfortunately, the response is in fact still considered insufficient by the public. Disaster haze caused by forest fires in...

Simple Earthquake Detection Tool

In the last three months of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) noted that there had been earth 60 times in various regions in Indonesia .Often the intensity of the earthquake that occurred in Indonesia is a result of our country lies near the Eurasian tectonic plate boundaries and Indo-Australian . The eastern part of Indonesia is also the junction of three tectonic plates, the Philippine Plate, Eurasian Plate lempengPasifik and Australia. Please visit: earthquake survival kit BMKG as the body tasked with predicting the weather, tsunami disaster and also earthquakes should be memperikarakan possibilities could diterjadi anytime and anywhere. It could be a possibility of tsunamis resulting from the earthquake or the vibration of the devastating earthquake which caused major damage . To detect and quantify earthquake magnitude earthquake, BMKG has a number of quake detection equipment that has been installed at various points in Indonesia thus becomes a network. Here are some of earthquake detection device that is often used to measure the magnitude of earthquakes that occurred and determine the location hiposentrum. Wiechert seismograph This earthquake detection tool is already there since the founding of the earthquake monitoring stations in Indonesia. The first seismic station in Indonesia is a Jakarta geophysics station. Wiechert seismograph made in Germany have been installed since 1908. There are two components of the Wiechert seismograph vertical component to detecting and recording seismic waves or vertically. Another one is the horizontal component which serves as a detector and recorder horizontal waves. Wiechert seismograph has a ballast made of plaster that weighed 1.5 tons. Initially the tool is installed in central Jakarta later...

As a result of occurrence of Landslide

As we all know Verily,  natural disasters must give rise to any kind of impact. Most of the impact is a negative impact, though sometimes reversed the negative impact also tucked a positive impact but very few or even none at all. Earthquake preparedness kit. Earthquake as with other types of natural disasters, landslides also cause a variety of adverse impact on living creatures that exist in the vicinity. Some impacts would be caused by landslides, among others, are as follows: Many lives Almost all natural disasters can cause a lot of casualties, is no exception to natural disasters such as landslides this. The reason why landslides often cause casualties because in general or land usually go longsir occurs when torrential rain fell. When the rain was falling surely people will gather in the house in order to avoid a fall of rain. Landslides also a decline in natural disaster is always a way that suddenly. Because datanganya sudden this community who are in trouble and the house will not have time to save themselves. People will be crushed by rubble or even be buried by soil or rocks that are in the vicinity. Damage to infrastructure By landslides will we get a variety of infrastructure damage to buildings in the vicinity of a natural disaster. In general, infrastructure damage is the most common residential houses or residents. This is possibly because the number of houses or residential most. But we need to know along bahwasannya other than home or residential, is also still a lot of other infrastructure that may be damaged as a means of education, health facilities...

Landslide Causes and Remedies

News of landslides often we heard on television or read it in print. Earthquake emergency kit landslide happens suddenly, making many victims. To anticipate the occurrence of landslide disasters, we must have a way to prevent landslides . We should know in advance the causes and prevention of this natural disaster. Characteristics of Landslide Will Happen After the rain, looked cracks on the slopes Gravel tumbling, climbing looks less robust or fragile Suddenly raised new springs Stagnant water will disappear during the rainy season when there will be landslides Doors and windows difficult to open The trees appear to be misaligned Backyard or in the house suddenly collapses Well, here is an explanation of the causes of landslides: 1. The rains –  Heavy rainfall is one of the causes of landslides. When the drought, the soil will be dried and ground form pores (hollow ground) and subsequently developed cracks in the soil. When the rain came, automatic rain water will get into the soil cavities or pores of the soil open earlier. Rainwater that has fulfilled the cavity, causing a shift in the soil. Which ultimately resulted in landslides and soil erosion. 2. The destruction of stones –  stones that are prone to landslides are rocks on the slopes, with a kind of sedimentary rock that is small and sedimentary rocks are of volcanic origin. Usually stones on the slopes of the nature obsolete or do not have the strength and easily crushed into the ground, this is the trigger landslides. 3. Piles of garbage –  Garbage is piled up not only a cause of flooding , but also landslides. Yes,...

IMPACT OF EARTHQUAKE

Indonesia is one of the areas prone to earthquake. This is because the Indonesian archipelago flanked by fracturing the plates that have the potential earthquake. The existence of volcanoes are active in various places, also at times can lead to earthquakes as well. Only maritime Kalimantan are relatively safe position of a potential earthquake, but in general can be ascertained Indonesia has great potential will always receive the impact of the earthquake. An earthquake with a tsunami followed after, like in Aceh in 2004 has proved how powerful the number of victims to 200 thousand people, buildings destroyed, all the activities of everyday people stop completely. At that time for survivors to think, impossible cities that caused the earthquake-tsunami in Aceh will go back to normal life. Earthquake kit as for the impact that may result from an earthquake events include loss of life, injury / injuries, psychological disorders, physical damage to buildings, facilities and public facilities, changes or disturbances in social, economic, political and spiritual etc. The impact of the earthquake; a). The deaths, injuries / injury; the data provide information that the earthquake followed by tsunami on 24 December 2004 claimed the lives of about 200 thousand people dead and thousands injured in conditions / injuries. b). Psychological disorders either mild or severe, usually lasting or temporary is another aspect that may occur after the disaster, especially the great earthquake. Loss of life of parents, children, relatives, close friends, possessions, etc., will have an impact on the psychological condition of the people in general. It can be seen on the condition no longer passion in life everyday, feel...

Impact of Volcanic Eruptions on Environment part2

Negative impact Given the negative impact of the volcanic eruption, will be highly detrimental to all living beings who survive on earth. No wonder so many people are highly anticipating to avoid the eruption of the volcano as it will give a negative impact on the surrounding environment and living things around it. Here is an explanation of the negative impact of the volcano: what causes earthquakes 1. Negative Impact of the Human Volcano Eruption Hot volcanic ash would damage everything in its path Air pollution by the volcano ash. Abu volcano has several hazardous substances such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide and dust material that may contain toxins Paralyze all activities surrounding communities, including economic quit Various material emitted by volcanoes can trigger the emergence of seedling diseases, such as respiratory tract infections, cough, sore skin, etc. Primarily for the volcano which is used as a tourist. Given this disaster, tourism discontinued, revenue from travel also helped stop. Several volcanoes in Indonesia as a tourist destination for example, Mount Merapi and Rinjani Accidents due to slippery road dusty, contaminated food poison Rain dust blocking the view and pollute the surrounding air which becomes the cause of global warming Hot lava resulted in forest fires, so that forest ecosystems are threatened. Including animals that live in it. 2. Negative Impact Volcano Eruption for the Environment Immediate danger when the mountain erupted like a cloud of hot, glowing material eruption, rocks, volcanic ash, lava and soil erosion . Indirect dangers such as air pollution by toxic substances, contaminated water, degraded land Danger Brought By Activities Volcanos...